Part of the Glyn Academies Trust

EYFS Profile - How do we assess in the Early Years?

What is the EYFS Profile?

The Early Years Foundation Stage (EYFS) Profile is a report of your child’s development and achievement at the end of the Reception year. There are three main objectives for this profile: to inform you about your child’s development, to ease the transition to Key Stage 1, and to help Year 1 teachers plan for the year ahead to meet the needs of the entire class.

The EYFS Profile is broken down into seven specific areas of learning:

  • Communication and language
  • Physical development
  • Personal, social and emotional development (PSE)
  • Literacy
  • Mathematics
  • Understanding the world
  • Expressive arts and design

Within each of these areas, there are specific Early Learning Goals – for example, in the case of Communication and language, these are Listening and attention, Understanding, and Speaking. Your child will be given an achievement level for each area of learning.

How do you assess my child?

The EYFS is broken down into four age bands, called Development Matters bands: 16-26 months, 22-36 months, 30-50 months and 40-60 months.

For each age band, and each area of learning, there is a series of statements relating to a child’s development: for example, ‘notices simple shapes and patterns in pictures’. Teachers will evidence these developmental statements as they see your child demonstrating them.

Assessment is ongoing throughout the EYFS, but the official EYFS Profile for each child is completed in the final term of Reception. The Government doesn’t specify what form the assessment should take, but we gather evidence through teacher observation of children’s learning and development as they take part in everyday activities, and planned observations, where teachers spend time on a specific task with an individual child or small group. We encourage parents and other carers (such as childminders) to contribute to the Profile, for example by adding comments to the child’s Learning Journal. This is a record of achievement compiled by the us, comprising photos, pieces of work, observations about the child’s development, and so on.


How do I know if my child is doing well?

There are three separate achievement levels within each Development Matters age band:

  • Expected: your child is working at the level expected for his age
  • Emerging: your child is working below the expected level
  • Exceeding: your child is working above the expected level

Your child’s teacher will award them one of these levels for each of the seven EYFS areas of learning. On leaving the Foundation Stage at the end of Reception, a child is considered to have a ‘good level of development’ if they have achieved at least the expected level in the Early Learning Goals in all aspects of PSE, Physical development, Communication and language, Literacy and Mathematics.

Last year (2014) 68% of the reception children at Marden Lodge achieved a good level of development. In Surrey this figure was 63% and nationally it was 60%

To ensure that EYFS levels are consistent within schools and nationally, the Profile is subject to moderation. This happens both internally, for example with other teachers and the head teacher, and externally, with the Local Authority taking a sample of a school’s Profiles to moderate. Schools are externally moderated at least once every four years.


What happens if my child is not working at the expected level?

If your child is working below the level expected for their age, we will focus on helping them catch up with their peers. This could be through one-to-one support from the teacher or learning support assistant, small-group work with children who have similar needs, or, where necessary, additional assistance, for example from the school’s Special Educational Needs Co-ordinator (SENDCo) or external services such as the speech and language therapy team. If you have concerns about your child’s development then in the first instance speak to the class teacher.